Fast Facts about Varanasi



1,550 km2 (600 sq mi)

3, 682, 194

October to April

Hindi, Sanskrit and English

Shastha temple, Thekkan Kasi, Varanasi Ghats

Tour Packages for Varanasi


Varanasi is fondly known with the name of Kashi, the capital city of Lord Shiva. Mark Twain once said that, “Varanasi is older than history and even older than the legends”. Located at the bank of River Ganges in the city of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, this city has a very important place amongst the believers of Hindu religion.

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Introducing Varanasi

It is believed that being the abode of Lord Shiva, Varanasi is blessed with spiritual powers. The ghats of River Ganges are like doorways to the heaven itself, according to Hindu mythology. Here, one can find people praying to die on these ghats so that they attain nirvana and free themselves from the cycle of death and birth.

Varanasi is known as one of the oldest inhabitant cities of the world. The pioneer of spirituality and religion in India, this city has seen many eras passing by it. Apart from the sacred Ganges, the beautiful temples of Varanasi are also the reason of tourists coming here again and again. Varanasi is equally renowned for its hand-woven silk.

Map Of Varanasi

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Attractions Of Varanasi

History of Varanasi

The original name of Varanasi is Kashi, derived from the word ‘Kasha’ which means divine brightness. According to the studies of many historians and archaeologists, it was the Aryans (also known as the first Indians) who came to this land and made Varanasi the centre of their theology and philosophy. In the 6th century BC, only 10kms away from Varanasi; Lord Buddha preached his first sermon after attaining enlightenment in Sarnath and Varanasi became a reigning centre of religion, philosophy, educational and culture. It can also be said that Varanasi works as a controlling magnet for all the hindu pilgrimages of India as it is in Varanasi one can find the prominent Hindu spiritual gurus.

Varanasi, or Benares as it is generally pronounced, is the city of northern India where every Indian desires to pay his respects to the Lord Shiva and the sacred River Ganges atleast once in a lifetime. This city is believed to the ultimate pilgrimage for all the Hindus across the world. Varanasi is a blending city of life and death, some people reach here in a search of Moksha and some to wash away the sins of their life. The highpoint of this city is the River Ganges, on whose banks this city lives and flourishes. It is believed that the sacred water of the Ganges has the power to wash away the sins of mortals, freeing them of their past deeds and giving another chance to lead a better life.

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