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Humayun Tomb

Humayun's tomb is the first significant example of pure Mughal art in India. The tomb was envisioned by Hamida Banu Begum in 1562 AD. Being the first garden tomb in India, Humayun's tomb was constructed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath which is why it is so much enlivened by desirable Persian architecture. The tomb stands 47 meters tall and is spread across 300 feet of spans.

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Introduction

There is more than one attraction in this complex. Humayun’s tomb introduced the concept of garden mausoleums which is more of a Persian style. The main tomb was completed in a time period of over eight years and is based at the center of this garden. One of the significant feature is the charbagh which is divided into four main parterres. At the centre of these four squares run the cutting water channels, symbolizing four rivers that flow in jannat.

The garden is built according to the description of the gardens in jannat mentioned in the Holy Quran. Humayun’s Tomb is the first monument which followed this concept and it was later taken to unimaginable heights by Shah Jahan in the form of Taj Mahal.

It has two double-storied gateways on the West and the South. Interestingly the mausoleum also has a hammam, a bath chamber in the centre of the northern side walls.  The four main parterres are further divided into 36 gardens and pathways or khiyabans. This offers a breathtaking design followed in other Mughal monuments subsequently.

This architectural masterpiece is built completely in sandstone at the exterior and white marble is very ubiquitous in the main cenotaph. The building has strong elements of Rajasthani architecture with kiosks, chhatris, corbel brackets balconies and jharokhas. The building stands strong on a vaulted terrace which is eight metre high. The structure has two gateways which are double-storied and stand at 16 meters of height with a small courtyard on the upper floor. You can notice six sided stars on the West gate which is also present on the main structure.  

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History

Humayun was the first emperor who had such a massive mausoleum built for him by his wife. The first Mughal emperor Babur’s tomb in Kabul (Afghanistan) called Bagh-e-Babur is a more humble version of Humayun’s tomb.

According to the records, Humayun's remains were first buried in Purana Quila in Delhi, which was Humayun’s palace. Thereafter it was taken to Sirhind. He was taken to Sirhind fearing Hindu King Hemu of destroying his remains.

Humayun's wife was also known as Haji Begam, She embarked on the construction of his tomb in 1569, about 14 years after his death. The location selected for the construction was chosen because of its proximity to river Yamuna and the shrine of the great Chishtiyya Sufi saint, Nizamuddin Auliya.

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